Yakshini Sadhana – Beware of Worshiping and Taming Yakshinis (Part III)


Sometimes a delay.. planned or otherwise in concluding a topic proves its importance and also lets us know how engaged are our listeners and readers. There have been many reminders and requests from mostly regular visitors of Sacred Blog to post more on this topic of Yakshini. At least for now this topic can have more as there are many more words from Acharya AD on the subject!

Here’s continuation of the subject for all TSV practitioners, Tantra enthusiasts and regular readers..

– Ma Shakti Devpriya Anand Nath

.. Here are the excerpts from Acharya Agyaatadarshan‘s talk on the subject

In fact only few learned saints, true Gurus and advanced sadhkas of Tantra know this secret difference between Shakti and Yakshini or if I put it in other words ‘the knowledge of the difference between Shakti and Yakshini is the indicator of one’s depth of practices’. Only ignorant would not believe these words of mine for apart from my own personal experience there are instances and recorded evidences of these yakshinis in even Jain spiritual literature.

||Master Speaks on Yakshinis||
||Master Speaks on Yakshinis||

Most of Jain teerthankaras have some or other Ruling-Goddess (known as Shaashan-Devi). These shaashan-devis are nothing but yakshinis. For example ruling-goddess of Neminath (22nd teerthankara of Jain lineage) is Ambikaa. And Ambika’s story is quoted as following -

“In the suraashtra region of India there was a vedic-scholar-brahmin named Somasharma. His wife was Agnilaa and he had two sons – Shubhankar and Prabhankar. On a day of pitr-shraadh (ritual of feeding the departed ancestral souls) Somasharma had invited few brahmins for feeding them on this occasion. But even before these brahmins could turn up wife of Somasharma, Agnila fed the prepared food to Jain-Muni Gyaana Saagar. When this was known by Somasharma he became extremely angry as such an action was not expected out of a devout wife. Also his obligation towards ancestor-spirits couldn’t be fulfilled. Somasharma could not take such a grave mistake from his wife Agnila and he expelled his wife from home. Agnila had no choice but to leave and took along her two sons. Hungry and thirsty, along with her sons she kept walking and somehow reached Girnaar mountain range. There were mango trees around but it wasn’t the season of mangoes anymore. Her sons were literally dying out of hunger and suddenly there happened a miracle. The miracle manifested [owing to punya (good deed) earned by her service of Jain-Muni (she had fed a hungry hermit)] and mango trees became loaded with ripe mangoes. So much loaded the branches became that they got lowered to almost reach the ground. Her extremely hungry sons ate the fruits and saved their lives. Here on the plains of Girnar village where Agnila’s home was spread a ferocious fire. All the homes turned to ashes except Agnila’s home.

|| Ambika - The Yakshi ||
|| Ambika – The Yakshi ||

Villager and brahmins from Girnar also found shelter in the same mango forest and when they reached there they praised Agnila’s punya (earned good deeds). Her good deeds and another miracle happened then. There manifested a store of edible items in the orchard and despite everyone being fed from it… the store won’t empty. The news of miracle reached Agnila’s husband Somasharma. Upon knowing this he also came to Girnar mountain however upon seeing Somasharma coming Agnila felt he was coming up with evil intention and to hurt and humiliate her further. In the fit of rage she jumped off a cliff with her sons and died on the spot. After death Agnila became the Yakshi (yakshini) of Riddhi, the one who bestows unbound wealth. Later her grieving husband also died and became the vaahana (something which one rides upon.. like Shiva rides Nandi, Durga rides Lion and Vishu rides Garuda) of devi. The authenticity of this story is established as the same story with minor changes appear in “Yakshi Katha” and “Ambika Devi-Kalp”.

Similarly shaashan-devi of 23rd teerthankar is Padmaavati and Shaashan-devi of Rishabhdev is Chakreshwari. Chandraprabh, the 8th teerthankar’s shaashan-devi is Jwalaamalini. Even in the medieval period the tradition of such shaashan-devis (yakshinis) continued. The shaashan-devi of Shree Devasoori of Bhrigukachh (who is of the same period) is Kurukullaa Devi.. but we must apply our thoughts in understanding what could be the hidden secret behind the existence and grandeur of these Shaashan-devis.

Jain teerthankars have written scriptures praising these devis (yakshinis) and they have hailed these goddesses as the provider of unbound wealth, luck, children, freedom from diseases and bestower of kingdom of three-lokas and fulfiller of every desire! And it is also proven that if ritualistic norms and methods are followed these do provide the desired. So quickly as if these shaktis are residing next door. As a devotee of Yakshnis starts the worship and there appears the Devi to shower her boons.. freely! But only truly knowledgeable people know that there are limitations in their worship and the fruits of worship. The fact is that wherever Yakshinis provide the wealth and luxuries of life they themselves start dwelling there and thus fulfill their own desire of bhoga (indulgence).

It implies that in the spatial orbit of earth there reside such invisible powers (shaktis) who wish to fulfill their lust of bhoga (also sex) through the humans. Frankly not many thinkers, tantra exponents and philosophers have given deep thought to this realm of theirs. Whatever little has been said leads to one sentence that these are operating in the domain of maya (illusion). We can take them as maya but then Maya is really far more complicated. complex and beyond the grasping capacity of ordinary human being for whatever we see is Maya, this whole universe is maya. You must think then within this all-enveloping maya-shakti who are these unsatisfied, lust-ridden powers always ready to indulge and enjoy. In the praise of Kurkullaa devi it has been said -

|| Kurukulla Devi - Yakshi ||
|| Kurukulla Devi – Yakshi ||

श्रुतिपथगतमुच्चैर्नाम् यस्याः पवित्रं 

विषमतमविपत्तिम् नाशयत्येव सध्यः |
त्रिभुवनमहिता सा संमुखिभूतदेवी
वितरतु कुरुकुल्ला सम्पदं मे विशालाम् ||
(कुरुकुल्लादेवी – स्तवन, 4)
Meaning, The name of Kurukulla Devi is pious and her name is destroyer of problems. This Devi is worshiped in three lokas (realms) and  provides huge amount of wealth when appears.
Now lets also understand more about who this Kurukulla devi is from her story as depicted in Jain texts.
The story of such a powerful devi is like this – Shri Devsuri was a very famous Jain muni (jain monk) of Bhrigukachh. At Devsuri’s ashram a yogi named Kaanhad started some argument with him. Kaanhad had a pitaari (wooden box) which contained 84 venomous snakes. In this confrontation the jain muni Devasuri drew 7 lines in front of his aasan (a low height wooden stool with 4 legs) and challenged the Yogi Kaanhad to make his snakes cross these 7 lines to reach him. None of the snakes could cross beyond 6th line. At the end Kaanhad set out ferocious and extremely powerful snake named sindoorak. This snake crossed 6 lines and then 7th as well… snake further advanced and started climbing the Devasuri’s asana by wraping around the wooden leg of aasana. Devasuri’s disciples got frightened and jain-muni closed his eyes and entered in deep meditation upon seeing snake almost reaching him. Suddenly two snakes of kaanhad disappeared and baffled Yogi kaanhad stopped the sindoorak snake himself. Frightened and humiliated Yogi bowed down to Jain muni and asked “Please forgive me. Please tell me where my two snakes have disappeared. Please tell me their whereabouts because these snakes are my life.” Suri opened his eyes and said “Your those two snakes are currently playing at the bank of Narmada river.” Yogi Kaanhad put back his 82 snakes back in his box and headed towards Naramada.
That night Kurukulla devi came to Devasuri and said “Since last four months I have been listening to your discourses (pravachan) sitting on that banyan tree in the front. I felt joy and feel contented by your discourses. I was happy on you so I have thrown those two snakes at narmada bank. I could take away all the 84 snakes but then that wouldn’t have created that sense of awe in people present there and so I did not do so.” Suri replied to Kurukulla “I know you.” And then after Devasuri read a kaayva (long sanskrit poem) in the praise of kurukulla devi. Upon hearing that poem Kurukulla Yakshi said “Keep your praise. When you will get up in the morning you shall find 3 kaavya written on the door of your residence. Whosoever shall read those he shall be free from the fear of snakes in his lifetime.”
This story clearly indicates that upon listening the discourses of Jain muni Kurukulla devi received deep peace. Which also leads to another point that such devis love to listen to and dwell near the men who have risen high in their spiritual practices. But the moot question is Why? This is a matter of contemplation for those who wish to understand more of it. What is not there with such powerful, so called almighty devis that they are attracted to spiritual people? Such devis who have all miraculous powers to do the unimaginable are still thirsty and unsatisfied? See how powerful this Kurukulla Devi has been said to be -
|| Kurukulla – Yakshini ||

कमलति कपिकच्छुर्मालती व्यालपाली 

तुहिनति वनवह्निर्माघति ग्रीष्मकालः |
शिशिरकरति सूरः क्षीरति क्षारनीरं 
विषममृतति मातस्त्वप्रभावेन पुंसाम् || (कुरुकुल्लादेवी – स्तवन, 2)
Meaning, O Devi, animals like monkey and tortoise become lotus and flowers with your effect. The venomous snakes and poisonous creepers become maalati (a creeper with small beautiful flowers with very sweet smell). Jungle fire gets converted in to ice-flake and a summer noon becomes like a day of winter, the ferocious heat of sun becomes as cold as moonlight. The salted ocean becomes milk and venom turns in nectar as sweet as milk. (kurukulla-devi -2) 
This praise is not wrong but the point to ponder is that such a powerful devi, just to listen to discourses of a jain muni (monk) kept sitting on a banyan tree for four months? May be banyan tree is the residing place of Kurukulla devi.. but then the next question is – in this whole universe such a powerful devi is finding banyan tree as her residence, why? Any thinking person should ask these questions. Even these exact questions are asked by Revered Tantra Master, Param Pujya Dr. Jaishankar Tripathi in one of his articles on Matri-Shakti (Mother Goddesses). All this knowledge I owe beloved Chacha ji. Once again I bow down to him.
There are many questions which come to people. Even in some sects of Buddhism the same Yakshinis have been mentioned and are worshiped. We shall discuss about these questions and what are commonly available rituals to praise and take control of these yakshinis… How different Tattvas are used in these rituals… All this but some other day.. Enough for today.
Blessings from Masters..
- Acharya Agyaatadarshan

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One thought on “Yakshini Sadhana – Beware of Worshiping and Taming Yakshinis (Part III)

  1. Dear AD,

    I can relate to Kurukulla devi through lalitasahasranama wherein one of the names given to Lalita is ‘kurukulla kuleshwari’. She is also called as Ambika.

    But why would we call the yakshinis in a tribute to the Absolute Shakti, the Consort of Shiva?

    Is Lalitasahasranama flawed when it calls these names for Shakti Herself?


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